Shoshone-Paiute Tribe

Shoshone-Paiute Tribe Jan 24, ’09 7:38 PM
by Ann for everyone

The Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Reservation

Jan 24, ’09 7:25 PM
by Ann for everyone

Background Image Lone Pine Paiute-Shoshone Reservation

Shoshone and Bannock Tribes

The Shoshone and Bannock Tribes originally roamed through what are now Wyoming, Montana, Utah, Nevada and Idaho in search of food. A Presidential Executive Order established the 1.8-million-acre reservation in 1867.

Shoshone-Paiute Tribe

The Duck Valley Indian Reservation, which straddles the state line between Idaho and Nevada two hours from Mountain Home, encompasses 290,000 acres of high desert tribal land and is home to about 1,800 Shoshone-Paiute Indians. The reservation was first established through an 1877 treaty. That and subsequent treaties created a permanent ranching and farming homeland for the tribe while still allowing off-reservation activities, including established fishing patterns from Mary’s Creek to the Bruneau, Snake and Malad rivers.




Schitsu’umsh Tribe

The Schitsu’umsh Tribe once lived on about 5 million acres along the Spokane and St. Joe rivers, near Lake Coeur d’Alene, Hayden Lake and the Palouse Prairie. The tribe’s name comes from French fur traders who called them “heart of an awl” because of their sharp trading skills. The Schitsu’umsh traded with tribes from the Pacific coast to the Great Plains. They shared a close bond with other tribes in the Northwest and Canada, often intermarrying and attending large trade gatherings. Their name for themselves is Schitsu’umsh, meaning “those who are found here” or “the discovered people.”



Nez Perce Early History

At one time the Nez Perce people occupied an area that covered North Central Idaho, Northeastern Oregon and Southeastern Washington. The 1855 Treaty reserved most of their ancestral homelands. The discovery of gold led to the Treaty Council of 1863, which reduced the reservation’s boundaries by seven million acres, leaving the Nez Perce with 757,000 acres.



The Kootenai Tribe

The Lower Kootenai Tribe is one of six bands of the Kootenai Nation, encompassing North Idaho, northwest Montana and southeastern British Columbia. The Kootenai were affiliated socially with the neighboring Flathead, Kalispell and Pend Oreilles. In the 1855 Hellgate Treaty, these tribes ceded to the United States all the land they occupied or claimed in exchange for reservations. However, the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho was not represented at the treaty, and so did not acquire any land.


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